Women work better with others, 

men deal better with stress


UPDATE November 2016

from http://www.bbc.com/news/health-37936514

Very stressful events affect the brains of girls and boys in different ways, a Stanford University study suggests.

A part of the brain linked to emotions and empathy, called the insula, was found to be particularly small in girls who had suffered trauma.

But in traumatised boys, the insula was larger than usual.

This could explain why girls are more likely than boys to develop post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), the researchers said.

TORONTO, ON/BUFFALO, NY, August 15th 1997 - 

When it comes to Emotional Intelligence (EQ), the genders both have it in relatively equal measure, but according to a new study, there are several notable differences between men and women. While women seem to have significantly stronger interpersonal skills than their male counterparts, men appear to have a stronger sense of self and deal better with stress. These are some of the key findings made by Multi-Health Systems, Inc. (MHS) in a recent test of the emotional intelligence of 4,500 males and 3,200 females whose EQ levels were measured throughout the United States and Canada.

According to Dr. Steven Stein, President of MHS, the publisher of the test, "Our results suggest that women are more aware of their feelings and those of others, relate better interpersonally, and are significantly more socially responsible than men. On the other hand, men seem to have stronger self-regard and cope better with immediate problems of a stressful nature than women."

"These findings may have important implications in the workplace," says Dr. Stein. "In the past, men may have dominated the upper corporate echelon partly due to their high level of stress tolerance. But now as people skills are becoming more important than ever before, women's higher scores in interpersonal areas will help be responsible for their reaching higher levels in the corporate world."

All participants took the BarOn Emotional Quotient Inventory (BarOn EQ-i), the world's first scientifically developed and validated measure of emotional intelligence. The BarOn EQ-i was developed by Dr. Reuven Bar-On, an Israeli psychologist who has spent 17 years developing and researching this test. The BarOn EQ-i measures one's overall EQ, examining five major composite factors (Intrapersonal, Interpersonal, Adaptability, Stress Management and General Mood) and 15 sub-components of EQ designed to quantify one's ability to cope with daily environmental demands and succeed in life.

While the average EQ scores for women (98) and men (100) were on par, the following sub-component scores demonstrate where the genders differ the most (scores based on comparison to general population norms/ 100 = average).




Self Regard



Interpersonal Relationships



Social Responsibility






Stress Tolerance



According to Dr. Bar-On, "It is interesting that similar differences related to interpersonal relationships, social responsibility, and stress tolerance have been observed in almost every other population sample that has been examined by the EQ-i in several diverse cultures around the world. We have consistently found that women are more aware of their emotions, show more empathy and act more socially responsible than men, whereas men cope better with stress."

The BarOn EQ-i is a written test containing 133 short, one sentence items that is computer-scored so that respondents' results can be compared to a multicultural normative database of more than 9,000 participants. MHS holds the world-wide rights to the instrument.

Specific sub-components in which women scored higher than men include:

Interpersonal Relationship: the ability to establish and maintain mutually satisfying relationships that are characterized by intimacy and giving and receiving affection

Empathy: the ability to be aware of, to understand and to appreciate the feelings of others

Social Responsibility: the ability to demonstrate one's self as a co-operative, contributing and constructive member in one's social group

And, specific sub-components in which men scored higher than women include:

Stress Tolerance: the ability to withstand adverse events and stressful situations without "falling apart"

Self-Regard: the ability to respect and accept one's self as basically good

BarOn Emotional Quotient Inventory and BarOn EQ-i are registered trademarks of Multi-Health Systems, Inc.

(The link from which the press release was copied is no longer active, but a similar press release from the same group is - showing that EI accounts for much of job performance)

Go to: Research Findings on IQ, SQ, EI

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