Teaching Social Skills
condensed from http://maxweber.hunter.cuny.edu/pub/eres/EDSPC715_MCINTYRE/SocialSkills.html
Why Don't Our Kids Have Social Skills?
What Exactly Is Social Skills Training?
2. Appropriate classroom behavior
3. Better ways to handle frustration/anger
4. Acceptable ways to resolve conflict with others
STEPS TO FOLLOW IN TEACHING SOCIAL SKILLS
• Identify powerful reinforcers that will motivate the students to attend to lessons and attempt new behaviors.(examples: group and/or individual points, raffle tickets, progressively moving a paper dog along the wall toward a food bowl which earns a reward)
• Identify and specifically define the target behaviors to be taught. Decide which behaviors are needed. Define them precisely so that everyone agrees on what is to be accomplished(...what the student will be able to do/show after instruction).
• Task analyze the target behavior(s)(if this listing of sequenced actions is not done for you by a packaged program. If you are unfamiliar with task analysis, read the link on the home page)
Teaching social skills
-Remove obstacles to learning(examples: close class door, remove corrections officers)
-Meet early in the day so that kids are attentive and have the whole day to practice what they learn in your lesson.
-Introduce the program, it's content, and why and how it will benefit them(examples: will help them to return to general education classes, help them obtain and keep a job, result in less trouble with teachers/parents, impress their boyfriend's/girlfriend's parents when they meet them, be able to convince the police to let them go when stopped).
-Set up the rules and regulations(Identify the behaviors you'll reward during lessons...one person speaks at a time, pay attention, be positive...all of which may need to be taught in the initial lessons)
-Teach the easy-to-learn skills first to ensure student(and teacher) success and reinforcement. Use the traditional teaching models
-Promote generalization to different settings/circumstances
-Monitor the behavior outside of the lessons.
-Recognize and reward it's display in everyday school situations. When you see a good situation for a student to display a "new" behavior, prompt it's use with cues and hints
1. Look at this list of commonly needed social skills. Think of students you know who would most benefit from instruction in each one.(You could use this list as your assessment device and assign students to groups by skills)
2. Behaviorally/specifically define the following behaviors that you might decide to teach
3. Task analyze the following behaviors
5. Obtain a social skills curriculum, such as:
A. Goldstein. Skillstreaming Perhaps the most popular programs for teaching social skills. You find get more information athttp://www.uscart.org/ssadolescent.htm and
A. Goldstein. The Prepare Curriculum (for adolescents). You can find more information at
Basic Social Skills for Youth. Available fromwww.girlsand boystown.org/btpress
Boys Town Curriculum. Available fromwww.girlsandboystown.org/btpress
T. Dowd & J. Tierney Teaching Social Skills to Youth: A curriculum for child-care providers.
Darlene Mannix. Life skills activities for special children.
J. Stanfield (1992). Be Cool. Provides videos and activities for teaching elementary age students to cope with teasing, anger, criticism, and bullying. Find more information at the James Stanfield Publishing Company web site.
Go to: Using Social Quotient surveys to help in social skills training
Go to: Training Tips on Social Skills
Go to: Home Page
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